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  • Ar Rahim – someone who is always merciful, Ar Rahman – someone who is being merciful currently and immediately.
  • Ayahs split in the beginning so we stop and contemplate the meaning of Ar Rahman before we move on. How is Allah being merciful to me immediately? health, shelter, family, friends…list goes on…have i deserved it? or did He give it to me even though I don’t deserve it?
  • His biggest mercy is that He taught us how to read Quran. Teaching is to repeat and Although we had the best possible teacher in the form of Prophet PBUH, it took 23 years
  • When you say ‘i taught…’ there are two questions – whom? and what?
    • Allah says ‘I taught the Quran’ but He doesn’t say to whom? meaning it is open to ANYONE who wants to learn. Applications are being taken 24/7. Start with a drop and Allah will make it rain
  • We take pride in the institutions of teaching so Allah is saying when you become His student..what else can you want? Allah says the best of you are those who learn the Quran and teach it to others…because? this teaching goes back to Prophet PBUH –> Jibril (AS) –> Allah SWT
  • Quran – something that flows, something that is recited a lot
    • Quran means to read. The ultimate purpose of Allah teaching us to read is so we can read the Quran. Quran is READING ITSELF..it is reading personified
      • Chronologically we were created then He taught us the Quran but He says I taught you Quran first and then He talks of creation of man. This was more merciful than even His creating us. It is the sole PURPOSE of our creation
    • Quran is reminder
      • Ins – someone who has and needs a lot of compassion. Allah says I gave this book to Ins. It is a book that teaches how to show compassion and how to gain it.
  • He taught THE Quran & He taught him speech
    • We are only told what He taught (Quran) but speech (what) is taught to man (whom) only…not Arabic but speech itself. We respect the Quran because its from God. He says SPEECH is from Him so we need to respect all its forms (languages)
    • Respect your own speech…the spoken and the printed/type. Arabs say ‘every container only gives out what it contains’
    • avoid not just filthy words and jokes but mean language too. Why say something you don’t mean?
  • Purpose of Ayaat is to remind us of Allah. There are two kinds of Ayaat
    • the ones in the Quran
    • all of creation – these are all around us.
  • A.5 – Sun & Moon
    • Sun and moon are committed to a certain calculation…it is so precise that all of creation depends on it
    • Allah as a manufacturer – His signature style is organization, harmony, balance and discipline which is what He expects from us.
      • ‘husbaan’  destruction that comes at a precise time. Sun and moon are scheduled to be destroyed…get your act together.
      • Quran is one of the last major events before the Day of Judgment so it is near
  • A.6 – trees and stars going into sajda…at that time Allah will no longer want our sajdas
    • Arab landscape – one tree in the middle of desert is beautiful
    • A tree goes into sajda when it bears fruit so when you are blessed make sure you humble yourself in front of Allah
  • A.7 – He raised the Heavens to keep it all balanced. On the day of Judgment it will all come down. Sync yourself with the rest of creation…be balanced
    • The scale of Heavens and Earth sign to shopkeeper, syncing your watch to that of the clock tower
    • We are supposed to be Ummah of balance. Balance between home, health, work and community.
  • Allah didn’t have to beautify our food…make is smell and taste good. Not only did He make is taste and smell good He gift wrapped it for us. A paper gift wrap harms the earth but to throw Allah’s gift wrap away feeds the earth.
    • Extravagance is marked by date trees.
  • He made fields of grain…farmlands
    • At harvest time the fields are perfumed
    • We plagiarize Allah’s design – flowers on rugs and clothes, perfumes based on flower scents
  • Then how many (alaa’ ) favors, wonders, miracles, gifts of your Lord will you twodeny?…how much more ungrateful can you be?
    • Two? man and ‘it’ – it always says ‘whatever’…they only derive pleasure from making fun of others…TEENAGERS
      • If you are constantly complaining then you don’t have time to be really grateful. We are creating a culture of mini Pharaohs – self indulged. How to turn around those that don’t care?
      • On the other hand there is no greater force than a dedicated religious teenager
      • Stop complaining and make something happen. Be grateful for what you have.
      • Those ungrateful basically never really took the opportunity to look around to see what they should be grateful for.
    • Allah says who are you to be proud anyway? I made you from dry dirt.
      • Dry dirt – nothing grows in it and it falls apart at touch…thats our reality
      • ungratefulness is directly associated to arrogance…you think you deserve what you have not that you’ve been blessed.
    • Allah created Jinn from the invisible part of the flame..ma’arij
      • He didn’t mention them before but refers to them in ‘two of you’…why?
        • to remind them just because they are invisible doesn’t mean they are above man…arrogance of Iblees
        • the visible and the invisible
  • Master of two easts and two wests –
    • two tips of the horizon are two easts or wests
    • over the course of the year sun moves a bit to another direction then moves back so there are two easts and two wests.
  • Two bodies of water come and crash into each other, between them is a barrier they will not rebel against it
    • Katrina, Ike – the damage water can cause
    • These great forces can be leashed by Allah and you think you can do whatever you want?
    • Allah could’ve put a leash on us to keep us from going to haram but He didn’t
    • two sides mash into each other in battle
  • The clashes of water happen at the surface yet in the depths of both the preals are untouched.
    • nations at war with each other but within are people of Imaan who will be untouched from all the turmoil
  • Sailing ships – mountains in the sea
    • such big things He allows to float but a small thing like a pearl He can let sink
    • He owns those ships alone. When a ship is at the dock it is under man’s control but once it leaves the dock they say ‘Godspeed’ …strongest of disbelievers say it is in God’s hands now
    • Turbulence in the plane…people start praying…once it is over they go back to whatever they were going before.
  • Human beings are created in a way that we are meant to end
    • on the Day of Judgment He will recreate us in a way so that we’ll live for eternity
    • we try to make things last. does it work? no it constantly needs repairs
  • The only thing that will remain is our Lord
    • nobility and glory
    • You glorify something when you think grand of someone. Can you be by yourself and be glorified? same with nobility. People glorify you. People think you noble
    • Allah doesn’t need others to be glorified and noble…He will be always even after we are gone from this world
    • why does He need us to praise Him? He doesn’t need it..we are the beneficiaries in this deal
  • Everyone turns to Allah for their needs – believer and disbeliever
    • disbeliever says Allah has so many things to worry about my small slip ups won’t get noticed by Him…
    • this is what is addressed in this ayah …We will make time for you
  • Conversation about the Day – we’ll think yeah we should’ve avoided sin and repented but it’ll be two late
    • Gathering of Jinns and people
      • a criminal before his judgment will try to run..where cops say freeze. Allah will say go ahead and run…because where will the criminal run and hide; Allah owns it all
    • When the entire sky is ripped open and its red
  • State of the criminal – ‘he will be recognized by the look on his face’
    • even before the judgment has started
    • Carried by head and feet like an animal….beginning of the surah…if you act like an animal, turning blind eye on His signs then on the Day of Judgment you will be treated like one
    • Carrot and stick – positive (heaven) and negative (hell) reinforcement are a mercy. Allah warning us with Hell is a mercy because without it we wouldn’t be motivated to avoid sin
  • Not being grateful is a crime and the punishment of this crime is Hellfire.
  • He scares us and says whoever got scared (of hellfire and of standing in front of Allah for judgment) will get two jannahs
    • one for doing good things and the other for leaving bad things. when you do both you are truly afraid of Allah
    • one for men and the other for jinns
  • Tour of Jannah
    • long walkways lined with trees that have loong branches…you can’t see past what is around the corner
      • Beauty of nature is to make us wonder what the beauty of Jannah is going to be like
    • 2 Waterfalls
      • vacation in Jannah will be a lot different than the one on earth
    • Fruits – two versions of each
    • leaning back on cushions lined with silk
      • Jannah is authentic inside and out while on earth the outside is expansive and inside is fake an cheap
    • Beautiful spouses in Heaven
      • why women? me are bombarded with images they have to save themselves from
        • qualities of these women – that lower their gaze, the shyness she has towards her spouse becomes eternal.
        • untouched
        • as though they are rubies and pearls – never lose their value
      • whats for women? women are less emotionally blind than men
        • Allah tells us ‘for men the desire of women was beautified’

*Surah 41*  Reward for women in Paradise – part of the eloquence of Quran is that if something is so great, the only way to describe is to not say anything at all

  • the compensation of excellence can’t be less of excellent – besides those gardens are other two gardens
    • premium package
    • driveway of trees – so green that no light gets through
    • 2 waterfalls – overflowing
    • fruit – the kinds that make you smile & dates & pomegranate
      • original sabiqun are the sahaba (every generation has its own) who were arab so Allah spoke specifically of dates and pomegranates
    • spouses – that are good through and through. exactly how you want them. waiting in the tents (speaking to arabs) for their spouse

we have to fix our marriages to fix our community*

    • green cushions – imported and beautiful
      • abqari’ – arabs would say this is from the land of the jinn
      • don’t decorate where you are not going to be for long
  • How full of power to increase goodness this name is…Ar Rahman
    • takes us back to the beginning. using it before every action (bismillah) increases the goodness of that act

HOMEWORK

*memorize Surah Rahman

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